Skip to main content

Routing Information Protocol (RIP)

Routing Information Protocol (RIP) - CCNA Tutorials




The Routing Information Protocol (RIP) is a dynamic routing protocol.It is inside the network to create a routing table
which helps routers to understand the layout of the network with changes in network connections. RIP is an interior gateway protocol (IGP) using the distance-vector routing algorithm.

Working of Routing Information Protocol

RIP is a distance-vector routing protocol. It uses hop count as the routing metric. 15 is the maximum number of hops allowed in RIP. RIP sends routing-update messages at regular intervals and when the network topology changes.The normal RIP updation time is 30 seconds while the hold down time is 180 seconds. RIP is based on UDP and working on the Transport layer. Routing by RIP is also called routing by rumor.



RIP Stability Features

RIP implements following mechanisms to maintain the stability. They are:

1. Split horizon
2. Route poisoning
3. Holddown mechanisms


Different versions of RIP

The major versions of Routing Information Protocols are:

1. RIP version 1

2. RIP version 2

3. RIPng

RIP version 1is the basic RIP which doesn't support VLSM. This drawback is fixed on the RIP version 2 where it support Variable Length Subnet Mask (VLSM).RIP version 2 is using multicast where RIP version 1 is using broadcast to send routing updates.RIP version 2 multicasts routing updates to the address 224.0.0.9.RIPng is specially defined for IP version 6.

Suggested Readings


1. Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (IGRP)

2. Address Resolution Protocol (ARP)

3. Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP)

4. Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)


No: Recent Posts
Network Layer Protocols
Restart WLAN AutoConfig (WLANSVC Service) On Windows 10
Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP)
How to Setup MTNL Broadband ADSL Modem
Setup Idea 4G on Android Phone
Delete Beneficiary Fund Transfer in HDFC Netbanking
Setup Asianet WiFi Router
Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP)
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
Remote Procedure Call (RPC)

Comments

Anonymous said…
Route poisoning is another kind of RIP stabilizing.

Recent Posts

How to Configure Idea 3G on Android Phone

When you activate Idea GPRS or 3G Internet on your Android phone, your phone will receive the automatic settings. However, sometimes you may need to configure the Access Point and GPRS settings for Idea (both GSM second and third generation) connection manually on your Android phone. In case if you delete the previous configuration, it is better know how to setup the same settings again by yourself. A wrong Access Point Name can stop you from accessing their mobile broadband service. Otherwise after deleting the existing APN for Idea 3G or GPRS you may need to re-insert the SIM again to get automatic settings from them. If you know the manual configuration steps, you can avoid that hardware procedure. If you are looking for the steps to get maximum speed from Idea 4G, you may click the link below and follow the instructions. The below hack will increase the Idea 4G data transfer speed.


Boost Idea 4G Data Transfer Speed

Steps to Configure Idea 2G/ GPRS/ 3G in Android Click on Applicatio…

Village Field Assistant in Kerala Revenue (123/2017) Examination

PSC has notified examination for the post Village Field Assistant in Kerala Revenue Department. Category number of the notification is 123/2017. According to this notification, anyone who has passed 10th Standard and having cycling skill can apply. There is no ineligibility for those having higher education standards to apply for Village Field Assistant. So, those who passed HSS, Degree etc can apply. Village Field Assistant is the new name given to the post Village Man in Kerala Revenue Department and is one of the few posts where PSC conducts direct recruitment to Revenue department. Public Service Commission conducts different examinations for each districts and there will be different question papers and cut off marks. Anyone who apply for Village Field Assistant can apply to only one district. Right now, only anticipatory vacancies are reported. So we do not know the exact number of vacancies in each districts. According to High Court verdict in 2006, women too can apply to Vil…

LD Clerk in Kerala Government Department Exam 414/2016 Date & Syllabus

Getting a government job in India is a dream of millions of educated youth. Getting a group A service is a bit difficult and needs a lot of time for preparation and hard work. For those who have passed SSLC (10 th standard), the best choice to enter government service is LDC. Lower Division Clerk (LDC) exam by Kerala PSC opens door for thousands of youth to Kerala Government service. Right now everyone is eagerly waiting for the Kerala LDC 2016 exam notification. LDC is a group C service which allows a person to work in his district. In most cases he will get the chance to work near his home. It is because Kerala LDC exam is a district wise examination. Different districts have different exams and rank lists. Once selected for LDC you are in group C service.

Kerala PSC has invited applications for LDC in various Kerala Government Departments for those having minimum SSLC or equivalent qualification. According to the gazette number 414/2016, you can apply for LD Clerk post in various g…

How to Reset BSNL Modem to Factory Default Settings

This article is for those who want to reset BSNL modem to factory default settings. If you forgot the username and password set for BSNL modem, you might need to change it to factory default and reconfigure it. Another reason to do is to fix certain network connectivity issues. There are two different methods to reset a BSNL modem to factory settings. They are soft and hardware reset. In soft reset we should login to the BSNL modem configuration page and select the option restore default or factory default. If you forgot the modem username and password, you cannot perform this procedure because without logon details you cannot access settings page. In that case only option left is to perform a hard reset. In this tutorial you will see both methods irrespective of the modem vendor and version.

Soft Reset BSNL Broadband Modem
Login
Type 192.168.1.1 on the address bar of your browser and press enter


Enter admin as username and password
Click on Admin tab

Click on Reboot


Select the factory se…

Eligibility and Exam Pattern CBI Officer Recruitment 2017 - Sub Inspector By SSC CGL

To become an officer in Central Bureau of Investigation ( CBI ) is a dream of many youth in India. Though this elite investigation agency is popular among public, many do not know the procedure to join CBI as an officer. This article explains the various criteria, eligibility, exam pattern and procedure to become a CBI officer. Two different agencies conduct examinations to fill vacancies in CBI. They are UPSC and SSC. To become a group A officer in CBI, you must choose Civil Service Examination conducted by UPSC and become an IPS officer. To join as Sub Inspector in CBI, you must go through SSC CGL examination.

Name Of the Post Recruitment Agency Group A OfficerUPSC (Civil Service Examination)Sub InspectorSSC CGL
Where to Apply
If you are dreaming to become an Officer in CBI, you must pass the Combined Graduate Level Examination (CGL ) conducted by Staff Selection Commission (SSC) in every year. You must wait for the next SSC CGL notification and prepare for the same. It is a 4 tier…

List Of Free Proxy Software and Web Proxy Servers To Browse Anonymously

Proxy server is a middle man acting between your computer and the web server. For example if you are accessing Google from your computer using a proxy named X, your computer is not receiving information directly from Google but X is receiving services and send it back to your computer. So naturally the web server does not know your computer and it thinks it served X. So by using a proxy server, theoretically you can browse anonymously and also help you to bypass firewall restrictions too. This guide gives a short introduction of Proxy Servers with a number of popular server addresses. There are two types of Proxy services.
client based (Software Installed on your PC)

Web based proxy servers (No is software installed on your PC) If you are expecting high anonymity, you must go for premium servers but for normal users web based proxy server is enough. Here I give a list of free popular servers.

1. Client Based

Please note that some proxy software products might contain malware and use…