Command Prompt utility to Set and Display time zone in Windows 7

There are multiple methods to change the current time settings on a Windows PC but this tutorial explains how to convert one PC from one time zone to another by a simple DOS command. The same command format can be used to display the current value configured on a PC. Now let us check the commands available to Set and Display the Time Zone configured.

Display the Zone Configured

To check the current details on DOS window, we can use the combination tzutil /g. Using this simple command we can see the current  zone set on your PC. To use this command follow the steps below.

  1. Start command prompt by typing cmd on search

  2. Type tzutil  /g

    Now press enter to display the current details configured.
    USA timing

Set a Time Zone on your computer

To perform it on a laptop, you can use following DOS prompt code.

tzutil /s

Type it on DOS window with the desired  Zone and press enter to set your computer to that value.

Eg: tzutil /s "India Standard Time"

View available Time Zones on a PC

You can use the following DOS prompt command to display all available zones supported on your computer. Write it on DOS window and press enter.

tzutil /l

Display Time only

Now let us check another command which display just the current time set on a PC without showing zone details. For that you can use the below code.


If you do not want to use DOS method to check these values on your laptop, I suggest you to go for GUI method. In Graphical User Interface method, you can see the value by following the steps below.
  1. Click on date in System tray

  2. Click Change Date and Time Settings

  3. Now click on the buttons to change the respective values.

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Use Problem Step Recorder (PSR) to Capture your Computer issues

While troubleshooting computer failures, we can rely on one built in tool provided by Microsoft to gather information regarding potential failed features. This feature called Problem Step Recorder (PSR) and it helps you to record all activities on your computer by Operating System itself and convert the result in to a MHTML file format. It is supported by both Windows 8 and 7. By reading this output file, you can identify the last done operation and it helps you to make correct solution for your computer issue. To start Problem Step Recorder on your Windows 7 and 8 computers, follow the steps below.

Start Problem Step Recorder on Windows 8
  1. Open Start Menu

  2. Type PSR on Search

    Now press enter to open PSR window.

  3. Click on Start Record

    Now it will start record all kinds of errors and problems with your computer and store the result as a single zip MHTML file.

  4. When you need to stop this recording you should click on Stop Record. If you need to pause the  recording, click on Pause Record. When click stop, record will be saved on your computer with the name and location you specified.

The PSR record is a zipped file in MHTML format. You should extract it and open in a web browser to see all the operations going on your computer with screen shots.

How to Open Problem Step Recorder File

Once you click the button 'Stop Record', it will be saved on your computer in zipped format. To view the activities saved on the file, you should unzip it. You can unzip the file by following the steps below.
  1. right click on the saved file

  2. Click on extract here

  3. Double click on the extracted file to open the recording

This feature is very helpful to identify all the operations done on a PC because of the screenshots it took while recording. The captured images tells us what happened on the PC while we had been running Problem Step Recorder. This feature is a boon for newbie users because whenever they face any troubles with their laptops, a technician can simply ask them to start Problem Step Recorder and record all the events occurred while the user faced troubles with his laptop. By analyzing the captured images and data, a hardware technician can easily identify the real issue and fix it.

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Use Windows To Set Password For USB Memory Drive

Are you looking for a way to encrypt your pen drive (USB memory) and enable password protection for it? Windows 7 and 8 can enable password protection on your external memory stick using Microsoft's BitLocker technology. Using this feature you can encrypt the data stored in flash memory and assign a password to prevent unauthorized access to those data. If you don't want to set a password you can use your smart card to unlock the flash drive. To use Microsoft BitLock feature to encrypt flash memory, follow the steps below.

Use BitLock to Enable Password Protection For Flash Memory

  1. Right click on Flash drive

  2. Click on Turn on BitLocker
    turn on safety

  3. Now the BitLocker feature starts encrypt the flash drive and its content. You should not remove the connected device from your computer during this process.

  4. Now you will be prompted to set a password or smart card protection for the flash memory drive.

    Here you need to enter your password which is needed to to unlock the USB drive to continue. You need to enter the string twice to verify it. You can have another mode of security for the Universal Serial Bus device. After enabling BitLocker feature you need this password to access data stored in the flash drive.

It is essential to configure security for data stored in external memory using to prevent unauthorized access to it by others. It is common that we may misplace the USB stick and others get a chance to access the content in it. If there is protection enabled, he can easily get access to the content stored in it. If you have stored any sensitive data in it, it will be a complicated issue. However, by placing login window to access the files stored, we can prevent others from seeing or copying content from this external storage unit. Later versions of Microsoft operating systems like Windows 8 and Windows 7 has the ability to set password on any memory units connected to Universal Serial Bus. As long as the password is secret, you can assure the safety of the data saved in it.

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Enable POP-UP Blocker in Firefox & Disable Floating Windows

Pop-Ups are the windows which came out without user permission when we visit certain websites. Most of the time it is an advertisement for some products or services. If you are using Firefox browser, there is an option to disable Popups and no floating windows will be opened after enabling popup blocker. This tutorial explains how to turn off popups on Firefox browser and make exceptions from certain websites like banking sites.

Start POP-UP blocker On Firefox Browser

To start using POP-UP blocker in Firefox, follow the steps below.

  1. Start Firefox

  2. Click on Tools. You can start tools menu by pressing [Alt] and [T] buttons together.
    Popup blocker tricks in Firefox

  3. Click on Options

  4. Click on Content tab
    turn off floating tabs

  5. Check Block POP-UP Windows to enable POP-UP blocker in Firefox

How to Allow Popups In Firefox Browser

If you do not want to use Popup blocker feature of Firefox browser, you can turn off it. After turning off this feature, there won't be any issues in displaying popups on your computer. Some times users will need this feature turned off while using certain web based services. One of the common service is banking websites. While performing net baking facility, we need to use pop ups and if the pop up blocked is enabled, it blocks the banking sites full functionality. If you want to disable POP-UP blocker in Firefox ,just uncheck the check box at block pop-up windows at step 4.

How to Make Exceptions to Show Popups From Certain Websites ?

Not every times popups are annoying. Certain genuine websites need us to turn off popup blocker feature on browser to serve us better. Some banking websites need us to open popups to login to online banking service. Firefox knows, not all websites are problem makers and some websites use popups for genuine needs. It has exceptions feature which lets websites which are allowed by the user to display popups on computer without any troubles. In options window, under content tab, you can see exceptions button near block pop-up windows. Click that button to add websites you want to allow shows popups on your computer.
exceptions to popups

Now you can add website URLs you want to except under Address of website:
allow floating ads

If you do not want to give that privilege to already added website any more, you can remove that website from the list using the button Remove Site.

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Toshiba Mini NB305-N310 Review

Toshiba Mini NB305-N310 is one of the netbook models from Toshiba. Windows XP is installed with this model. Toshiba Mini NB305-N310 included with Atom N450 processor, 1 GB RAM,160 GB hard disk. It offers features like Multi touch TouchPad, LED Backlit display, PC Health Monitor etc. Configuration details of Toshiba Mini NB305-N310 are given below.

Toshiba Mini NB305-N310 Mini Laptop Configuration

Let us start with the processor model and its speed. NB305-N310 has Intel ATOM N450 Processor with 1.66 GHz speed and has 1GB DDR2 RAM. It has reasonable hard disk space of 160 GB SATA HDD with 5400RPM. It has 10.1" WSVGA TruBrite Backlit LED(1024 x 600) display. This model has variable weights Starting at 2.60 lbs. As I explained above, it has Genuine Windows XP (Home) SP3 and Intel Graphics Media Accelerator 3150. Toshiba Mini NB305-N310 has 6 cell battery with life up to 11 hours. Comparing to most other models, it has reasonably very good battery life. 11 hours support is enough for a user to use it while traveling.

Accessories and Connectors On Toshiba Mini NB305-N310

It includes five modes of data transfer. They are USB ports, RJ-45/Ethernet (10/100), memory card reader and 802.11 g/b/n adapter. It has three USB ports where one USB port with Sleep and Charge and two normal USB (2.0). It has web cam, Headphone jack, standard stereo speakers and VGA out. Keyboard is 85 key US keyboard with big touch pad.


One issue with NB305-N310 is the lack of modem port. It doesn't have SmartCard Reader slot and PC Express Slot. Another important feature missing is Bluetooth. Though this model does not support Bluetooth, one important improvement we can see is in the part of WiFi adapter. This WiFi adapter supports wireless n technology. Most of the older versions supported just wireless b and g standards. Another major problem problem faced by hard core Linux users is the lack of Linux installed models. All NB305 netbooks are coming with Windows XP Service Pack 3. If you want to use Linux on it, you must install it separately. I believe later versions will be installed with Windows 7 by removing XP.

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Stop installing Unwanted Programs in Windows 7 -Application lock

To ensure the safety of a computer, we must ensure that no unauthorized programs are installed automatically without our permission. There are so many malicious programs which comes with other genuine applications and get installed without user instruction. Windows has a feature called AppLocker which prevent the installation of third party applications on Windows PC. However, to run this feature to prevent the installation of unwanted programs on Windows, we must enable application identity service. So the first step to activate the AppLocker on Windows, we must start application identity service. Once AppLocker is activated, you can prevent the installation of any potentially harmful software on your computer. To use this feature you should go to group policy editor and set rules in AppLocker.

Prevent the Installation of Unwanted Software

This guide is divided in to two. First part explains how to start the Application Identification service from services window. Second part explains how to enforce AppLocker from group policy editor.

  1. Start Application Identification Service

    • Type services.msc on Search

    • Go to services page

    • Right click on Application Identification Service
      App Checker

    • Select Start from the right click menu

  2. Configure AppLocker Rules

    • Click on Start

    • On search type gpedit.msc

      Now press enter, you can see the group policy editor on your computer.

    • Go to Windows Settings

      You can find Windows Settings under Local Computer Policy.

    • Click on Security settings

    • Click on Application Control Policies

    • You can find AppLocker under Application Control Policies and click on it.
      malicious prevent

      Here you can configure the rules about the installing programs in your computer by clicking Configure Rule enforcement.

AppLocker is available in all editions of Windows Server 2008 R2 and in Windows 8 Windows 7 Ultimate and Enterprise editions. You cannot find this facility on older Microsoft Operating Systems. Once this feature is enforced with right program installation rules, any programs which doesn't falls under allowed rules will be denied from getting installed. So it is important to learn how to configure this feature carefully. This Software Restriction Policies feature enforce rules with administrators control over OS Installer files, executable files, scripts,and DLLs.

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Get a Power Efficiency report in Windows 7 and Optimise Energy Consumption

Power efficiency is one of the important features we look while purchasing a computer. If you are going to buy a laptop or netbook, power efficiency is one of the top priority. Windows 8 and Windows 7 has inbuilt tool which monitor how effectively the device is using power. We can initialize this tool by a simple Command Prompt command. This article explains how to generate Power Efficiency Reports on laptop runs on Windows 7 or 8. This feature was not available in older versions of Microsoft Operating Systems. Have you ever used the Energy efficiency report generated by Windows 7 to optimize the power consumption of your Laptop or netbook ? By checking this report, we can easily identify how better we can manage the energy consumption. Follow the steps below to generate this energy spending report.

Generate Power Efficiency Report
  1. Click on Start

  2. Start DOS

    On search type command or cmd. Now you can see the command prompt icon

  3. Right Click on command prompt icon and select run as administrator

  4. On command prompt type powercfg –energy

    After typing this command press enter. Now Windows 7 start analyze your computer and generate a power efficiency report for your computer.

  5. The Report is saved in your computer as an html file in system32 folder. You can find the energy efficiency report by following the path below.


    (If Windows 7 installed in different location you should change the drive name with the installed drive.)

    The file is stored as energy-report.html. The report looks like..

Using this Microsoft tool, it is easy to understand the current energy spending configuration on a PC. with the help of the details generated here, we can optimize the system and efficiently manage power usage. Efficient power usage is critical for laptops and netbooks because these devices are often used while on travel. So it is important to use the available battery charge efficiently.

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EEE Docking Feature With Asus 1005P Netbook

Asus 1005P Netbook has the Atom 450 processor and pre-installed with Windows 7 Started edition. It introduces the feature Eee Docking an intuitive software which make our access to useful software products ,Services and digital data easily. It is bundled with Eee PC and 1005P belongs to Eee PC. This article is a review of 1005P Netbook and how EEE Docking feature works on it.

Asus Eee 1005P Netbook Configuration

Now let us examine this product one by one. It has Intel Atom N450 1.66GHz processor with 512k of L2 cache and having Intel NM10 Chipset. It has 1GB DDR2 RAM and 160 GB SATA HDD. It runs on Windows 7 Starter Edition with 10.1" WSVGA (1024 x 600) LED Display. Now let us check the accessories. Asus 1005P has headset port with MP Webcam and SD/MMC Card-Reader. Now let us check how data can be transferred through 1005p mini laptop. We have four modes of communication options. They are RJ-45/Ethernet (10/100), IEEE802.11 b/g adapter, 3 USB 2.0 ports and Bluetooth. These four modes are more than enough to put or take data.
Laptop details

Eee Docking in Asus 1005P Netbook offers the following services:

Eee Docking is an Asu toolbar to bring more functionality to users. This feature is currently available for Eee devices which runs on Windows 7 and XP. This toolbar bring extra visual effects and the ability to capture and save web cam broadcast. The same saved web cam broadcast can be easily transmitted over a chat network like Yahoo Messenger. One of the uses of this feature is to the ability to use same saved web cam video to broadcast over a network multiple times if you do not want to broadcast live video.
  1. It helps to Stream or download a variety of exciting digital content

  2. It helps share/sync messages and data with other Eee PCs, notebooks, or desktop PCs without connecting to the Internet

  3. It contains applications that enhance visual effects

  4. It contains a set of useful tools including Live Update, Parental Control and Font Resizer

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Edit Boot Menu Option in Windows 8, Windows 7 & XP

Windows allows users to edit the current boot menu by altering the booting options listed in it. There are different methods to alter it and it is important to note that different Microsoft OS versions use different methods to edit it. This tutorial explains how to edit boot menu on Windows 8, Windows 7 and XP computers. At the end of this tutorial, you will learn how to disable Boot Loader by selecting a default OS.

How to Edit Boot Option In Windows XP
  1. Right click on my computer

  2. Click Properties

  3. Click Advanced

  4. Click Settings button near Startup and Recovery

  5. Click Edit and make necessary changes in the notepad which shows the current booting sequence and option

Change Boot Entry In Windows 7 and Windows 8

Here let us check how to add a new entry in Windows 8 computer. The same procedure can be followed for Windows 7 and Vista computers.
  1. Open Command Prompt in Run as Administrator mode

    To open command prompt in administrative mode, right click on Command prompt and select the option Run as administrator. To learn more about this step, visit the link below.
    The requested operation requires elevation(Run as administrator)

  2. How to View Windows Boot Loader

    Type the command bcdedit and press enter
     Loader Edit

    Note the equivalent value displayed here [{e2b1507b-eddc-11de-90a9-beb27b9d4437}] and use that value for your laptop.

  3. Command to Copy Current Boot Entry

    Type bcdedit /copy {current} /d "DebugEntry" and press enter.

  4. Command to Remove an Entry

    If you do not want additional Operating System entries while starting your PC, you can delete unwanted entries from Command Prompt. DOS Command to delete unwanted entry is:

    bcdedit /delete {e2b1507b-eddc-11de-90a9-beb27b9d4437}

While booting a computer we can see a menu to select the Operating System to choose from a list of installed Operating SytmsS. Have you ever wonder where this information is saved? Boot.ini is the file where Windows stores the details of this options and OS menu. If we need to change any settings on this menu we need to edit boot.ini file. To edit this file, follow the steps below.

Steps to Edit Boot.ini
  1. Click on Windows Start menu and go to Run/Search

  2. Type msconfig and press OK. Now System Configuration Utility Window will be opened where we can change the boot.ini settings.
    How .ini file

  3. Click on Boot.ini tab
    How to edit

    Now you can change the settings in boot.ini file such as setting default Operating System, Set the show time to pick an Operating system, check all OS starting paths etc.

How to Disable Windows Boot Menu Option

We can disable it with out going to boot.ini file. To disable default boot menu option in Windows XP, follow the steps below.
  1. Right click on My Computer icon and click on Properties
    turn off

  2. Click on Advanced tab

  3. Click on Settings button under Startup and Recovery
    turn off

  4. Select Default OS

    Now you can select the default OS from the list of installed Operating Systems on your computer. After selecting the default Operating System we should set the Time to Display list of Operating Systems to 0 seconds. Now we need to click on OK.

  5. Reboot Your Computer

    On next reboot onwards you will not see the list of all installed OS in your PC. We will directly log on to the default OS which we set here.

In this tutorial you have learned how to edit boot.ini file on a computer running with Microsoft OS. If you ever wonder how to put same picture for all user accounts, follow the steps mentioned in the link below.
Default User Logon Picture to all users

You see accessing and editing boot.ini file in Windows is not a difficult task. Similarly if you want access service window, you can follow the steps mentioned in the link below.
Different Methods to Access Service Window On Your Computer

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