12 core processor from AMD - AMD Opteron 6100 series

I think the old furious processor war between Intel and AMD resume soon. In AMD official blog they claim ,they on the way to deliver new 8- and 12-core processors with high performance. If it is right let us wait and see another episode of processor war which held few years back. They says AMD 6100 series (12 core processor) processor for cloud environments and a little expensive as more than $1000.

It is announced that Acer will be the pioneer using AMD's Opteron 6100 serious in their systems. Technically speaking Opteron 6100 series consist of 10 chips with either eight or 12 cores. Each core offering clock speeds ranging from 1.7GHz to 2.4GHz. John Fruehe, AMD's Director of Product Marketing is very optimistic about the new product.He is saying "The big thing we will be doing is delivering more cores and more memory for less money". AMD claims their Direct Connect Architecture 2.0 can support up to 16 cores per CPU. Any way let us wait for the release of new 12 core processor from AMD and its equivalent competitor from Intel family.


Use Flash Memory (USB) as Virtual RAM in Windows 7 and Vista

If you feel your computer is lacking enough RAM, you can increase it by using USB memory as virtual Random Access Memory. This technology is called ReadyBoost and  Microsoft enabled it on Windows 8, 7 and Vista. When you connect a flash memory card, Windows will ask you if you want to use the unused portion to speed up your PC. If you click OK, Windows converts the unused portion to virtual RAM. We cannot use all kinds of USB memories to speed up our computers. It should meet some minimum requirements to enable ReadyBoost technology.

System Requirements to Use USB Memory as Virtual Primary Memory
  • It should be at least 256 MB

  • It should have access time of 1 ms or less.

  • It should have at least 2.5 MB/s read speeds and 1.75 MB/s write speeds

Convert USB Flash Drive to Virtual RAM

It is not very hard to convert USB flash drive to virtual RAM using ReadyBoost technology. If you have Vita or higher version on your PC, it is very simple. You cannot use this technology on Windows XP computers.
  1. Connect USB Drive to Universal Serial Bus port

  2. Right click on USB drive and click properties
    ReadyBoost - Speed up your computer using USB stick

  3. Click on tab ReadyBoost and apply
Now, if your Flash memory meets all the requirements mentioned at the beginning of this guide, it will be converted to virtual RAM and you can see a considerable improvement in system performance.

Points to Remember while using ReadyBoost

In Windows Vista, it is limited to 4 GB while Windows 7 can support up to 256 GB of additional memory by connecting maximum 8 different flash drives. Windows OS older than Vista don't support ReadyBoost technology. Currently Windows Server 2008 is also not supporting it.

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How to Fix MBR ( Master Boot Record ) Damages Using Fdisk Commands

MBR (Master Boot Record ) is stored in the first sector (512-byte) of hard disk and contains primary partition table, disk signature and instructions for BIOS to boot the computer are stored. It is stored outside the partition. It is created while hard disk partition. Any damage to this area is fatal because it can even stop your PC from booting. Damages to Master Boot Record can happen due to improper installation of multiple Operating Systems, certain virus attack and hard disk error. This tutorial explains the reasons for MBR damages and quick fix to it.

Possible Reasons of MBR Damage

  1. Possible Virus attack

    There is a special type of malware called MBR virus, with capability to damage the Master Boot Record by replacing the original MBR with another one created by it. Original Master Boot Record sector will be moved to some other locations in the hard disk. These viruses can start with system boot-ups even before loading OS and escape from normal Anti Virus scanning.

  2. Hard Disk Drive error

  3. Improper installation of multiple OS

Ill Effects Of a Damaged MBR

In most cases, users will find difficulties with starting their computers in safe mode. They will either don't see safe mode option in boot menu or safe booting fails. If the damage is big, your PC may not start at all. So it is very important to fix any corruption as soon as possible.

How to Recover Corrupted Master Boot Record

To recover this sector, we have some tools which operate in recovery mode. We cannot actually change the MBR while Windows is running. Those recovery commands are provided below.

  1. Fdisk /mbr

    The MS-DOS command Fdisk /mbr rewrites the MBR on the disk and it will resolve all corruptions. This command is useless if your computer is infected with MBR viruses because they will again reinfect the new Master Boot Record sector. Hardware specialists do not recommend this command to fix issues and they recommend another command. That is the next one.

  2. Fixmbr

    This command works in Recovery Console only. The command, fixmrb, provides us a option to specify the location of master boot record. It helps to fix the mbr of devices other than the master boot device. Only downside I see is the requirement of Windows Disc while running this tool. If you use this tool to recover MBR of another device (not the master boot device), you must use the following format.

    fixmbr (device_name)

Steps to run Fixmbr on your computer

  • Restart PC

    Restart your computer with Windows CD, where DVD/CD drive is the primary boot device.

  • Recovery Console

    Press the R key to start the Recovery Console when it prompts.

  • In Recovery Console command prompt, type fixmbr and follow the instructions

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Samsung NB30 netbook - Samsung New Mini Laptop Features

Latest netbook from Samsung is Samsung NB30. Compared to previous netbook models Samsung improves some features in this netbook. Some of them are increased battery life ,hard disk drive (HDD) freefall sensor,water-tight seal around the netbook ,built in software etc. This particular netbook comes with pre-installed Operating System. Windows 7 Starter Edition is the pre-installed OS. If you like to read my reviews about other Samsung Netbooks click on the link below.

Samsung Netbook Reviews

The out look and configuration of Samsung NB30 netbook is:

Samsung NB30 Mini Laptop Review
Configuration of Samsung NB30 netbook

Processor : Intel ATOM N450 Processor with 1.66 GHz


Harddisk : 160 GB SATA HDD (5400RPM) with Free Fall Sensor

Display: 10.1" WSVGA (1024 x 600), Non-Gloss, LED Back Light

Diemension : 18.8cm X 26.4cm X 2.7 cm

OS : Windows 7 Starter Edition

Graphic Processor : Intel GMA3150 (Int. Graphic)

It includes a 0.3 Mega Pixel inbuilt webcam, Wi-fi (Support wireless G ,B and N standards), Bluetooth (Bluetooth 2.1 + EDR) and Fast Ethernet port.

Available Ports and connectors in Samsung NB30 Mini Laptop:

1. 3 USB 2.0 ports,

2. VGA out,

3. DC power-in,

4. RJ-45/Ethernet (10/100),

5. Stereo headphone/line out,

6. Stereo microphone in,

7. VGA webcam,

8. 3-in-1 card reader

Battery Life of Samsung NB30

Samsung claims the battery life of Samsung NB30 is 11 hours with some conditions. 11 hour battery life is possible by cutting down the energy consumption of NB30 by energy efficient LED display and the netbook's optimized processing performance. In addition to this Samsung’s proprietary Enhanced Battery Life solution helped them to achieve this 11 hour battery life. But in some NB30 reviews they says this 11 hour battery life is possible only if we are not running many processes at the same time.

NB30 is covered with water tight and scratch-resistant system and it assure the minimum damage in accidents compared to other models. Another nice feature of NB30 netbook is hard disk drive (HDD) freefall sensor. It lets the netbook to save data by automatically parking the HDD if the power is very low. The built in tools includes AnyPC( remote PC access application) and Phoenix FailSafe ( tool for tracking your PC when it’s stolen).

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Better 3D Tab Management For Firefox Browser- FoxTab

Do you find any difficulties with managing tabs on Firefox when multiple browser tabs opened on your computer ? If yes, you can easily manage opened tabs with the help of a new Add-on named FoxTab. After installing it, you will find no difficulties in accessing your favorite websites or efficiently managing Firefox  tabs on your computer. It also easily guide you to reopen recently closed tabs on your computer. Let us check the major benefits of using this add-on. This 3D tab management add-on help you to:

  • Easily access your favorite websites

  • Easily manage opened  tabs

  • Reopen recently closed  tabs

Let us check how to install this add-on on your computer. The same tool can be installed on Chrome browser also. So while downloading this tool on your PC, you must select the correct version which supports the browser you are using. If you are using Chrome, you must select the Chrome version, otherwise this tool will not work.  To install 3D tab management Firefox plugin, follow the instructions below.

How to Install FoxTab

  1. Visit the link below on Firefox browser.

  2. Click on Download Now button.

  3. Follow the installation directions by click Allow
    FoxTab for Firefox

  4. Click on Install Now
    three dimensional tab management

  5. Restart Firefox
    Better 3D Tab Management

  6. To launch FoxTab, click on the icon in toolbar

    Browser Tab management

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Turn Off / On Windows Security and Maintenance Popups

By default Windows shows warnings and alerts related to the not recommended security settings on your PC. For example if the Antivirus installed on your PC is outdated or require an update, you will get a pop up from Microsoft Action Center. Similarly you will be warned about the not recommended settings for Windows backup, troubleshooting, updates, network firewall etc. These alerts are very useful to understand the wrong system configurations but some users find it disturbing. If a user changed the default configuration as part of troubleshooting or customization, he doesn't like to receive security and maintenance alters about the changes he made.

Turn Off Security and Maintenance Popups

Microsoft provides a method a to disable unwanted security and maintenance alters on Windows 8 and 7 from Action Center. By disabling the Security messages and maintenance messages, you can turn Off almost every alerts in Windows 8 and 7. Now let us check how to do it.

  1. Click on Start

  2. Go to Control Panel
    safety popup

  3. Click on Review your Computer's status
    block popup

  4. Click on Change Action Center settings

    Now you will get the option to turn off or turn on windows messages related to following items in your computer.

    •   Update

    • Internet Security settings

    • Network Firewall

    • Spyware and related problems

    • User Account Control

    • Virus protection

    • Backup

    • Troubleshooting

    • Check for update

    You just need to uncheck items shown in the list to disable alerts for that item.

If you do not want to get popups which say the Windows Update is turned on and you must turn on it back, all you have to do is to uncheck the checkbox near this feature. If you have unckeched the Network Firewall box, you will never see any popups which alert you the issues with that feature.

Turn On Microsoft Security and Maintenance Popups

Now let us check how to revert the changes we have made. If you want to see popups which alert you the faulty configurations you have made on your laptop, you must follow the steps from 1 to 4 and enable the boxes near the feature for which you want to enable security popup.

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Delete Spam & Junk Emails Before Reaching Inbox

Spam is a big problem for every Internet users and email spamming is one of the worst. Think about a situation where in the morning while opening your email account, seeing countless junk messages in inbox. You may even miss important messages from your real contacts among these useless promotional emails. Since the number of these junk messages are high, you cannot unsubscribe or mark the full mails as spam. Email service providers have an option to delete those mails before they come to your inbox. This guide tells how to delete all the junk emails based on any of the following conditions before reaching inbox.
  1. Address of the sender

  2. Subject of the mail

  3. Specific words in the mail

In Gmail we need to create a filter to sweep out all the junk emails satisfying the conditions which are set. After creating the filter we can set the result as delete all the mails satisfy the condition before coming to inbox. To perform this follow the steps below.
  1. Log on to your Gmail account

  2. Click on Settings

  3. Click on Filters tab

  4. Now click on Create a New Filter

  5. Set filter criteria

    Here you can set the criteria for your filter. You can set it on the basis of sender email address, subject of the mail or specify the keywords. After setting this, click next.

  6. Now check Delete it and Also apply filter to X conversations below
    Delete spam

  7. Click on Create Filter

Now onwards the emails which comes under filter criteria will be deleted before coming to your inbox. If you apply filter to the  mails already in the inbox, they too will be removed.

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Delete Saved Preferred Wireless Network Profiles On Windows 8, 7 & XP

Windows OS has the ability to remember WiFi profiles on your computer once you join the network. We call preferred networks to denote these saved WiFi profiles which consist of details like SSID, wireless key, encryption etc. When you are back in range of a saved profile, your PC will automatically connect to it. Though this feature is helpful, rarely it makes some issues too. In case if admin changed the wireless key, your PC will try to use the old information to join it and cause connectivity issues. In that case we need to delete the old saved profile. On Windows 7 and XP we can do it from Graphical User Interface but there is no such option available on Windows 8. If your PC runs on Windows 8, you must use Command Prompt to see the preferred network and you must delete any of them from there only. This tutorial explain how to view and remove any preferred networks on your system.

Delete Saved Wireless Networks On Windows 8

This Operating System does not offer any straight ways to remove preferred WiFi details from GUI and we should go to Command Prompt to perform it.

  1. Type cmd on Search and Open Command Prompt

  2. Type netsh wlan show profile and press enter to view all saved preferred profiles

  3. Type netsh wlan delete profile name=name of the one you want to delete and press enter

This procedure will delete all information stored on your PC related to that profile.

View or Edit Saved wireless networks On Windows 7

Here we can use GUI to find list of preferred networks stored on a laptop.

  1. Click on Start

  2. Click on Control Panel

  3. Click on Network and Internet
    How to edit preferred wireless networks on Windows 7

  4. Click on Network Status and Tasks
    See saved wireless networks profile

  5. Click on Manage Wireless Networks panel
    Manage Wireless Panel on Windows 8

    Now the all stored WiFi details will be shown. You can select the anyone from the list (preferred profiles ) and click on remove.  After this, your computer no longer remember that network.

You can use the same command prompt procedure to perform this task on Windows 7 too. Since it is already explained, I am not repeating the same steps. You can use same steps to view and remove any expired wireless profile from your computer from Command Prompt using the command netsh wlan delete profile name=name of the profile.

Manage Preferred Networks On XP

If your computer runs on XP Operating System, you can manage all WiFi profiles stored on your PC by following the instructions provided in the link below.
How to Manage Preferred Profiles On XP

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Default User Logon Picture to all users in Windows 10 and Vista

How about restricting users with a predefined user image in the logon window without having a chance to change it ? It is possible in Windows 7 and  Vista by setting group policy editor options. The name of the policy which should be edited is User Accounts in Group policy editor and it apply default user log on picture to all users. This policy setting allows an administrator to standardize the logon pictures for everyone on a system to the default image. Microsoft tells one application of this policy as it helps a company to standardize the logon picture.

If you enable this policy setting, the default logon picture will display for everybody on the system with no customization allowed. If you disable or do not configure this policy setting, users will be able to customize their logon pictures.Before going to make this changes, it is important to know the location where Microsoft profile photos are stored. It is important to make sure the photo, which you are going to enforce to all users, is stored at that location.

Default User logon images stored at

Profile Login Picture is stored in the following folder with the name user.bmp .
C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\User Account Pictures

The default guest picture is stored at :
"C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\User Account Pictures " in the name guest.bmp

If there is no such pictures exist, an empty frame is displayed in log on window.

Enable Default User Logon picture to all users

Follow the simple steps below to enable default logon picture to all Windows users in your computer.
  1. Click on Windows start logo

  2. On Search type gpedit.msc and press enter

    Now the group policy edit window will open. Navigate to the User Accounts which is under control panel.
    control profile photos

  3. The path is:

    Local computer policy > Computer configuration > Administrative Templates > Control panel > User Accounts

  4. We should double click on the user account and open the default user logon Picture configuration window.

    We should check enable button.

This feature is supported by Windows 7 and Windows Vista only. Once the settings is saved, you will see the effect from next reboot onwards. Most important beneficiaries of this feature are big companies. It can assure uniqueness among their staff while sign in to PCs. Now let us check some other cool Microsoft OS tweaks explained on CoreNetworkZ.

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Firefox Right Click Menu Doesn't Have Properties Option

After upgrading  from Firefox 3.5.5 to Firefox 3.6, I couldn't see properties option in right click menu. When I right click on a link to find the link properties, I failed to find properties option in the right click menu. At first I thought my computer may have infected or some add-on conflicts causing this issue. I checked Mozilla support for the issue (missing element properties in Firefox 3.6 menu) and found that Mozilla team has removed this feature from their latest update. I cannot understand why they have removed this option and I couldn't find any equivalent feature. I am not alone, many users are not happy with this unexpected move of Mozilla team and we really want this element back as soon as possible.

Update: Mozilla team introduced a new plugin to bring back missing properties option in Firefox 3.6 at last.

Mozilla team introduces a new add-on to bring back the missing option in Firefox 3.6 . To install this add-on to bring the missing option back to  latest versions, visit the link below. Instructions to install this pluggin is explained below.

How to Show Element Properties in Firefox Menu

If you are desperately looking for the missing element properties in Mozilla browser menu, you can add it by installing a new add-on. All you have to do it to visit the link provided above and click Add to Firefox button. This window looks like this.
missing Element properties

After completing the installation, you will be asked to restart the browser.
missing menu element

Reports of Possible Bug

There is a report saying that the missing of properties option was due to a bug(#513147) and was not an intentionally made change. Since there is no official declaration about it yet, I won't be able to conclude whether it is a bug issue. I am still waiting for an official announcement to clarify this issue.

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