Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP)

Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP) is an open protocol (not a proprietary protocol). It introduces the concept of the virtual router to improve the redundancy of the default gateway of hosts.

This article checks the uses and importance of VRRP.

How Does VRRP Assure Network Redundancy?

According to VRRP, a virtual router (VR) is not just a physical router but includes the master and backup routers.

So, the default gateway of a host is the VR instead of a single physical router.

This VR concept ensures that if one router fails, another will take the charge immediately. However, at a time, only one master acts as the default gateway, and the master informs the backup routers of its current status.

The backup router will take place in the position of the master if the master becomes unavailable.

Can I Use VRRP with HSRP?

Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol is an open-source protocol similar to Cisco's proprietary protocol, the Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP). However, both protocols are not compatible despite their similarities.

We cannot use VRRP with HSRP.

You have learned the basics of VRRP. Let us check how to configure the Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol.

VRRP Configurations Tips

  1. The Virtual Router (VR) works as the default gateway of hosts.

  2. A group of physical routers comes under VR, but only one master at a time.

  3. The master router informs backup routers of its current status (all the time).

  4. When the master fails, one backup router assumes the role of master.

  5. The concept of VirtualRuter by Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol improves network redundancy.

  6. The MAC address of the VR must be in this format: 00-00-5E-00-01-XX.

  7. The IP address used for multicast is

You have learned the basics of the Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol and its application in a network.