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Tracert- Tool to Find the Path of a Packet

Tracert command is used to determine the path from your computer to destination host by sending ICMP Echo Request messages. The path though which the packet traveled will be printed in the command prompt. ICMP command Tracert is very helpful to troubleshoot any kind of network related issues. It is used to determine the network location where the actual cause of the issue present in any kind of network related issues. It sends ICMP Echo messages to the destination host and decrement its TTL value by one when it pass on hop. When the packets pass each hop it display the path in DOS window and you can easily identify the route. This feature helps to identify the actual cause of any network issue. So it is a handy tool for every network Engineers to analyze and troubleshoot network issues. Let us check how to use this tool.

If you want to know the route of the server of from your computer, you can check it by typing following code on DOS prompt.


We use Tracert command to find out the path taken to deliver the packets to the destination host from the source. Now let us check the general syntax of tracert command.

The general syntax is :
tracert [-d] [-h MaximumHops] [-j HostList] [-w Timeout] [TargetName]

Eg: tracert -h 30 After pressing enter we will a complete trace of the packet sent. The route is expressed in terms of hops. If there is a connection issues, it will show request timed out when the packet reaches the hop which is down.

Transport Layer General Failure Destination Net Unreachable
Destination host unreachable Enable Disabled Adapter Windows IP Address
SMART Command Failed TTL Expired Ping Request
Remote ComputerNetstat Command