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How to Change the Default TTL Value Set On Ping Packets?

While troubleshooting connectivity issues, we may need to change the default TTL value set on the Ping packets. It is because the TTL value (Time To Live) tells the life span of the ping packets. In simple words, it is the number of hops they can cross. When it reaches the hop count set by TTL, it expires. This tutorial explains how to assign a new Time To Live value to a Ping packet and the after effects of this process.

When Should I Assign a New TTL Value
When you ping an address from the Command Prompt, your computer automatically assigns a default Time To Live value (a number greater than the hop count between the destination and your computer).

Sometimes it may not be enough for the packets to reach the address. In those cases, we need to set a different Time To Live value on them.

We can change this value from the command prompt, but the manually configured value must be between 0 to 255.

If the TTL set is 0, ping packets won't go further from your computer. If it is 1, they expire when they reach the subnet.

From the Time To Leave value in ping reply, we can find the hop count between the destination and your computer.

Check the below image to learn how to find the hop count between your computer and different websites.



Here you can see the hop counts between your computer and different addresses.

How to Change Default TTL Value When You Ping an Address
Use the command below to change the default Time To Live value set on ICMP echo packets.

Ping -i (TTL value) Address

Example: Ping Google.com -i 100

If you set a lower TTL value for ICMP requests than the actual hop count between your computer and destination, they will never reach the address.

The below image shows this.
How to limit value

Here I set a TTL value which is less than the actual hop count between my computer and Google server.

So the packets expired on its way before reaching the destination, and I have received the Time To Live Expired in Transit error message.

To learn more about this specific error message click on the link below.
What is The Error Message TTL Expired in Transit?

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  3. PING: Transmit failed. General Failure

By setting different Time To Live value on ping packets, we can troubleshoot many connectivity issues. One of the most common ICMP error messages is Transmit failed general failure.

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  3. Reasons For Request Timed Out Error

Here we have seen the effect of TTL value while sending requests to the destination.

  1. Ping Request Could not Find Host. Please Check the Name and Try again
  2. Error 628: The Connection was Terminated by the Remote computer
  3. Error 797: A Connection to the Remote Access Server was not Made

If the Time To Live value set is lower than the actual distance between the destination and your computer, ping packets will expire.

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It will lead to another ping error message Destination host unreachable error.

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Comments

Anonymous said…
Thanks for sharing this test

Amit

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